How the country turned a desert into an oasis

Israel has five desalination plants for a production of 600 million cubic meters per year. Here, that of Hadira. Caroline de Malet/Le Figaro

FILE – 85% of the country’s water comes from seawater desalination. And Israel even has a plan B for dealing with an emergency.

Special Envoy to Israel

In the beginning, the Promised Land was a desert. To the west, the Mediterranean, to the east, the Jordan, which serves as a border with Jordan, to the northeast, Lake Tiberias and, at the southern end, the Red Sea. The country born in 1948 is surrounded by water. However, with fifty days of rain per year, it is a semi-desert land, especially in its southern part, the Negev. Not to mention that its population has doubled over successive waves of immigration and that it too has been hard hit by climate change.

For a long time, Lake Tiberias – a center of Christianity locally known as the Sea of ​​Galilee or Lake Kinneret in Hebrew, where Jesus walked on water – with its 4.5 billion cubic meters (when it is full) was the country’s only source of water. From an early age, young Israelis are aware of the price of blue gold, which their parents buy at the right price to avoid waste…

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